প্রভাষক, ঢাকা রেসিডেন্সিয়াল মডেল কলেজ, ঢাকা
23. Books are (a) ··- (pre-modify the adjective with an intensifier) essential for us. They help us (b) ··- (post-modify the verb with an infinitive) knowledge. (c) ··· (pre-modify the verb with a present participle) books, we can knwo everything. They shwo us the (d) ··· (pre-modify the noun) way. Books can be our (e) ··- (pre-modify the noun) friends. They help us (f) ··- (post modify the verb with an infinitive) our mind. They improve our (g) ··· (pre-modify the noun) power. They give us solace to our (h) ··· (pre-modify the noun|) mind. Besides reading (i) ·· (pre-modify the noun) books, students should read other books. If they read other books, they will be able to knwo everything (j) ··- (post modify the verb).
Answers : (a) very; (b) to gain; (c) reading ; (d) true ; (e) best ; (f) to develop; (g) thinking ; (h) disturbed ; (i) text; (j) properly
24. One day Robert Bruce, (a) ·· (post-modify the noun with appositive), was lying in the cave. He was thinking of (b) ·· (use possessive to pre-modify the noun) misfortune. He thought that he would not be able (c) ·· (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify, the verb). Suddenly, he swa a spider (d) ·· (post-modify the verb with a prepositional/an adverbial of place). The spider was trying to reach (e) ·· (use determiner to pre-modify the noun) ceiling of the cave. It almost got to the point (f) ·· (use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) times, but fell down at the last moment. It did not lose hope. It was trying (g) ·· (post-modify the verb with an adverbial). On the seventh attempt it reached the ceiling. Robert Bruce became very much amayed (h) ·· (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb) the success of the spider. He felt encouraged and came out of the cave and began to gather soldiers again. He remembered the small spider and prepared (i) ·· (post modify the verb with an adverb) for the battle. He fought hard with the English and (j) ·· (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) time, he came out successful. Strong will and perseverance made Robert Bruce the king of Scotland again.
Answers : (a) the king of Scotland; (b) his; (c) to regain his lost kingdom ; (d) in the cave ; (e) the ; (f) several ; (g) again and again/to reach the ceiling ; (h) to see; (i) well/soon/completely; (j) this
25. I had gathered a peculiar experience (a) · (post modify the verb) while travelling to St. Martin's Island. I visited the island along with my family. Zahid, (b) · (post modify the noun with an appositive) was my guide. On the way to the island, we watched (c) · (demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) sea gulls. The (d) · (pre-modify the noun) birds were flying (e) · (post-modify the verb) with the ship. They became (f) · (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) dear and friendly to us. We entertained them with biscuits; (g) · them (use a present participle to pre-modify the verb) we became (h) · (use an intensifier to pre-modify the adjective) excited. We decided (i) · (use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb) in the idyllic island for a couple of days. We can never forget (j) · (use a demonstrative to pre-modify the adjective phrase to post modify the verb) lovely sea birds.
Answers : (a) a fwe days ago/ unexpectedly; (b) a local boy; (c) those ; (d) beautiful ; (e) elegantly/along; (f) very ; (g) entertaining/ taming/ feeding ; (h) very; (i) to stay; (j) those