মো. জাকারিয়া আলম ১৩ জুলাই ২০২০, ০০:০০:০০ | প্রিন্ট সংস্করণ
প্রভাষক, ঢাকা রেসিডেন্সিয়াল মডেল কলেজ, ঢাকা
1. Dowry is a social curse. This system prevails in our society. (a) —, there is no written
statement about this system. (b) — it is available in our society. (c) —, it is a tradition that exposes our narrow mentality. (d) · —, it is an inhuman torture for both the brides and their guardians. (e) —, the bridals guardians have to suffer a lot to meet up the demand of the bridegroom. (f) —, the brides are to undergo mental and even physical torture in their law's houses for being unable to pay the dowry. (g) —, this social curse must be removed. (h) —, laws against dowry should be enforced strictly. (i) —, female education should be ensured and more employment opportunities have to be created. (j) —, public awareness should be increased.
Answer : (a) however/but (b) still/yet (c) in fact (d) moreover (e) because (f) besides (g) so (h) at the same time (i) moreover (j) above all
2. Man is a social being. (a) —, man cannot live alone. (b) —, man has been living together
from time immemorial. Living in society is not an easy task. If we want to live in a society, we have to follow certain rules and regulations of that society. (c) —, we have to be cooperative. (d) —, we must help others when they need it. (e) —, we have to be careful not to hurt others by our words or activities. (f) —, we must control our emotions and behave well with others. (g) —, we should not think and live only for us. (h) —, we should always work for the betterment of the society. (i) —, we should sacrifice our lives for others. (j) · —, sacrificing our lives for others can make us immortal.
Answer : (a) so (b) in, fact (c) firstly (d) therefore/in other words (e) secondly (f)
that is why (g) thirdly (h) rather (i) so (j) in fact.
3. Smoking in public place is strictly prohibited in some Asian countries. (a) —, Bangladesh
Government has made a ban on smoking in public place. (b) · —, smoking is very injurious to our
health, life and environment. (c) — it is a very dangerous habit. (d) — it can cause fatal
diseases like bronchitis, cancer, tuberculosis, high blood pressure, kidney and heart diseases
(e) — it also pollutes our environment. (f) — a smoker can harm a noon smoker. (g) — in my
family, there is not a single smoker. (h) — the environment of our home always remains fresh.
(i) — some people think smoking is a part of fashion. (j) —-they completely wrong.
Answer : (a) similarly (b) in fact (c) at the same time (d) because (e) and (f) besides
(g) fortunately (h) so/as a result (i) nowadays (j) but/in fact
4. Nelson Mendela was the greatest leader of South Africa. (a) —, he was one of the
greatest leaders of the world. All his life, he struggled against apartheid. The Europeans
were separated from the non-Europeans (b) — it was the government policy of racial
segregation. (c) —, the blacks were treated cruelly. (d) —, they were denied all basic human
rights. (e) —, the blacks were subjected to all sorts of indignities. (f) — dogs received
a much better treatment than the blacks. (g), they were aliens in their own country. (h) —, the
great leader vowed to put an end to the inhuman practice. He was thrown behind the prison
bars. (i) —, the oppressive rulers could not break his spirit. (j) —, the great realiæed the
goal of liberating his own people.
Answer : (a) in fact (b) as (c) basically (d) moreover (e) furthermore (f) even (g) in other
words (h) so (i) nevertheless (j) eventually
5. (a) — I was walking along the road the other day, I happened to notice a small brown
leather purse lying on the pavement. I picked it up and opened it to see (b) — I could find
out the owner's name. There was nothing inside. It (c) — some small change and a rather old
photograph - a picture of a woman and a young girl about twelve years old who looked like
the woman's daughter. I put the photograph back (d) — took the purse to the police s
tation. (e) — I handed it to the sergeant-in-charge. Before I left, the sergeant made a
note of my name and address In case the owner of the purse wanted to write and thank me. That
evening I went to have dinner with an uncle and aunt of mine. They had also invited another
person, a young woman, (f) — there would be four people at table. The young woman's face was
familiar (g) — I could not remember where I had seen it. I was quiet sure (h) — we had not
met before. (i) — Conversation, however, the young woman happened to mark that she had lost
her purse that afternoon. I at once remembered where I had seen her face. She was the young
woman in the photograph (j) — she was nwo much older.
Answer : (a) while (b) whether/if (c) had (d) and (e) then/there (f) and (g) but (h) that (i) during (j) but
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