একাদশ-দ্বাদশ শ্রেণির শিক্ষার্থীদের ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয়পত্র
jugantor
একাদশ-দ্বাদশ শ্রেণির শিক্ষার্থীদের ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয়পত্র

  মো. জাকারিয়া আলম  

৩০ জুন ২০২২, ০০:০০:০০  |  প্রিন্ট সংস্করণ

প্রভাষক, ঢাকা রেসিডেন্সিয়াল মডেল কলেজ

মোহাম্মদপুর, ঢাকা

Important Modifiers

Exercise-1

Macbeth was the General of Scotland. He fought (a) - (post modify the verb) and won the bat

tle. While he was returning to the castle, he saw three witches (b) -(post modify the noun with

a present participle) about him. He came (c) - (post modify the noun with an infinitive) from

the witches that he would be the king of Scotland. He became (d) - (pre modify the adjective

with an intensifier) ambitious. His wife also wanted Macbeth (e) - (post modify the verb with an infinitive) the king. She was a very (f) - (pre modify the noun) woman. So she began (g) -

(post modify the verb with an infinitive) Macbeth. Then they both plotted to kill Duncan, (h) -

(post modify the noun with an appositive). They planned (i) - (post modify the verb with an

infinitive) Duncan when he would come to stay with them in their castle (j) - (pre-modify the

verb with a present participle) a knife. Macbeth entered the room of Duncan and killed him.

Answers 1.

(a) bravely/valiantly; (b) talking; (c) to learn; (d) very; (e) to be; (f) cunning/ambitious/

greedy; (g) to convince/to persuade; (h) the king of Scotland; (i) to kill; (j)

taking/carrying

Exercise-2

Most of (a) - (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) students cannot write out their

examination papers fairly. As they cannot understand the questions (b) - (post-modify the verb), they often beat about the bush and cram the answers with irrelevant and unnecessary details.

Sometimes they also fail to arrange their answer neatly, cleanly and systematically. Although the teacher suggests that their answer should be brief and precise, they (c) - (pre-modify the

verb) lengthen them unnecessarily. Therefore, their (d) - (pre-modify the noun) answers generally become disgusting and unnecessary. Such answers always earn (e) - (pre-modify the noun) marks. In order to get expected marks, all you should do, is to understand the questions (f) - (post modify the verb) and answer them just to the point. Don’t worry, if (g) - (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) answers are fairly short. You should make your presentation neat and clean (h) - (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). To answer the short comprehensive questions, you should not copy anything (i) - post-modify the verb) from the passage. Make your sentences (j) - (use an intensifier to pre-modifier the adjective) short and simple.

Answers 2.

(a) our; (b) properly; (c) often; (d) long; (e) poor; (f) properly; (g) your; (h) to get good

marks; (i) directly; (j) fairly

Exercise-3

Sheikh Saadi, (a) - (Post modify the noun with an appositive), was simple in his ways of life. (b) - (Use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) day, at the invitation of the emperor, he set out for the emperor’s palace in an (c) - (Pre-modify the noun) dress. He took shelter in a courtier’s house (d) - (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase). The courtier and his men did not show (e) - (Use determiner to pre modify the noun) honour and hospitality to him. On his way back home, Saadi again took shelter in the (f) - (Pre-modify the noun) courtier's house. (g) - (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) time he put on a gorgeous dress. The courtier received him (h) - (Post modify the verb) and entertained him with rich foods. Nwo Saadi began to put his foods in the pockets of his dress. The courtier's men were surprised (i) - (Use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb). They asked him why he was putting the foods (j) - (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase).

Answers 3.

(a) a great poet in Persia; (b) one; (c) ordinary; (d) on the way; (e) much/due; (f) same; (g)

that; (h) cordially; (i) to see Saadi’s amaying behaviour; (j) in his pocket.

একাদশ-দ্বাদশ শ্রেণির শিক্ষার্থীদের ইংরেজি দ্বিতীয়পত্র

 মো. জাকারিয়া আলম 
৩০ জুন ২০২২, ১২:০০ এএম  |  প্রিন্ট সংস্করণ

প্রভাষক, ঢাকা রেসিডেন্সিয়াল মডেল কলেজ

মোহাম্মদপুর, ঢাকা

Important Modifiers

Exercise-1

Macbeth was the General of Scotland. He fought (a) - (post modify the verb) and won the bat

tle. While he was returning to the castle, he saw three witches (b) -(post modify the noun with

a present participle) about him. He came (c) - (post modify the noun with an infinitive) from

the witches that he would be the king of Scotland. He became (d) - (pre modify the adjective

with an intensifier) ambitious. His wife also wanted Macbeth (e) - (post modify the verb with an infinitive) the king. She was a very (f) - (pre modify the noun) woman. So she began (g) -

(post modify the verb with an infinitive) Macbeth. Then they both plotted to kill Duncan, (h) -

(post modify the noun with an appositive). They planned (i) - (post modify the verb with an

infinitive) Duncan when he would come to stay with them in their castle (j) - (pre-modify the

verb with a present participle) a knife. Macbeth entered the room of Duncan and killed him.

Answers 1.

(a) bravely/valiantly; (b) talking; (c) to learn; (d) very; (e) to be; (f) cunning/ambitious/

greedy; (g) to convince/to persuade; (h) the king of Scotland; (i) to kill; (j)

taking/carrying

Exercise-2

Most of (a) - (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) students cannot write out their

examination papers fairly. As they cannot understand the questions (b) - (post-modify the verb), they often beat about the bush and cram the answers with irrelevant and unnecessary details.

Sometimes they also fail to arrange their answer neatly, cleanly and systematically. Although the teacher suggests that their answer should be brief and precise, they (c) - (pre-modify the

verb) lengthen them unnecessarily. Therefore, their (d) - (pre-modify the noun) answers generally become disgusting and unnecessary. Such answers always earn (e) - (pre-modify the noun) marks. In order to get expected marks, all you should do, is to understand the questions (f) - (post modify the verb) and answer them just to the point. Don’t worry, if (g) - (use a possessive to pre-modify the noun) answers are fairly short. You should make your presentation neat and clean (h) - (use an infinitive phrase to post-modify the verb). To answer the short comprehensive questions, you should not copy anything (i) - post-modify the verb) from the passage. Make your sentences (j) - (use an intensifier to pre-modifier the adjective) short and simple.

Answers 2.

(a) our; (b) properly; (c) often; (d) long; (e) poor; (f) properly; (g) your; (h) to get good

marks; (i) directly; (j) fairly

Exercise-3

Sheikh Saadi, (a) - (Post modify the noun with an appositive), was simple in his ways of life. (b) - (Use quantifier to pre-modify the noun) day, at the invitation of the emperor, he set out for the emperor’s palace in an (c) - (Pre-modify the noun) dress. He took shelter in a courtier’s house (d) - (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase). The courtier and his men did not show (e) - (Use determiner to pre modify the noun) honour and hospitality to him. On his way back home, Saadi again took shelter in the (f) - (Pre-modify the noun) courtier's house. (g) - (Use a demonstrative to pre-modify the noun) time he put on a gorgeous dress. The courtier received him (h) - (Post modify the verb) and entertained him with rich foods. Nwo Saadi began to put his foods in the pockets of his dress. The courtier's men were surprised (i) - (Use an infinitive phrase to post modify the verb). They asked him why he was putting the foods (j) - (Post modify the verb with prepositional phrase).

Answers 3.

(a) a great poet in Persia; (b) one; (c) ordinary; (d) on the way; (e) much/due; (f) same; (g)

that; (h) cordially; (i) to see Saadi’s amaying behaviour; (j) in his pocket.

যুগান্তর ইউটিউব চ্যানেলে সাবস্ক্রাইব করুন